American College Of Surgeons - Inspiring Quality: Highest Standards, Better Outcomes

JACS Editorial Board

Editor-in-Chief: Timothy J. Eberlein, St. Louis, MO

Managing Editor: Anne Magrath, Chicago, IL

Associate Managing Editor: Matthew R. Carmichael, Chicago, IL

Editorial and Production Assistant: Andrea L. Musolf, Chicago, IL

CME Editor: Ronald J. Weigel, Iowa City, IA

Social Media Editor: Lillian S. Kao, Houston, TX

RAS Liaisons: Hunter B. Moore, Denver, CO; Jonathan P. Meizoso, Miami, FL

Statisticians: Joan S. Chmiel, PhD, Chicago, IL; Adin-Cristian Andrei, PhD, Chicago, IL

Journal Manager: Alex Phucas, Philadelphia, PA

Publisher: Andrew Berin, New York, NY

Deputy Editors

Stanley W. Ashley, Boston, MA
Barbara L. Bass, Houston, TX
Timothy R. Billiar, Pittsburgh, PA
L.D. Britt, Norfolk, VA
Timothy Buchman, Atlanta, GA
James S. Economou, Los Angeles, CA
E. Christopher Ellison, Columbus, OH
Allan D. Kirk, Durham, NC
Clifford Y. Ko, Los Angeles, CA
Michael W. Mulholland, Ann Arbor, MI
Carlos A. Pellegrini, Seattle, WA
Courtney M. Townsend Jr., Galveston, TX
Ronald J. Weigel, Iowa City, IA

Senior Editors

Kathryn D. Anderson, Corona, CA
Kirby I. Bland, Birmingham, AL
Ronald W. Busuttil, Los Angeles, CA
John L. Cameron, Baltimore, MD
Edward M. Copeland III, Gainesville, FL
Josef E. Fischer, Boston, MA
Lazar J. Greenfield, Ann Arbor, MI
Gerald B. Healy, Wellesley, MA
David B. Hoyt, Chicago, IL
John E. Niederhuber, Bethesda, MD
Michael J. Zinner, Boston, MA

Editorial Board

Nita Ahuja, Baltimore, MD
Hasan B. Alam, Ann Arbor, MI
R. Daniel Beauchamp, Nashville, TN
Kevin E. Behrns, Gainesville, FL
Walter L. Biffl, Denver, CO
John D. Birkmeyer, Lebanon, NH
Karen J. Brasel, Portland, OR
Carlos V.R. Brown, Austin, TX
Charles E. Butler, Houston, TX
Raul Coimbra, San Diego, CA
William C. Chapman, St. Louis, MO
Craig M. Coopersmith, Atlanta, GA
Thomas A. D'Amico, Durham, NC
Justin B. Dimick, Ann Arbor, MI
Jeffrey A. Drebin, Philadelphia, PA
Michael J. Edwards, Cincinnati, OH
B. Mark Evers, Lexington, KY
Ryan C. Fields, St. Louis, MO
James W. Fleshman Jr., Dallas, TX
Julie Ann Freischlag, Winston-Salem, NC
Gerald M. Fried, Montreal, Canada
John J. Fung, Cleveland, OH
Bruce L. Hall, St Louis, MO
Mary T. Hawn, Stanford, CA
David N. Herndon, Galveston, TX
Kenji Inaba, Los Angeles, CA
William R. Jarnagin, New York, NY
Gregory J. Jurkovich, Seattle,WA
Lillian S. Kao, Houston, TX
Rachel R. Kelz, Philadelphia, PA
M. Margaret Kemeny, Jamaica, NY
K. Craig Kent, Columbus, OH
Melina R. Kibbe, Chapel Hill, NC
Mary E. Klingensmith, St Louis, MO
Mary Margaret Knudson, San Francisco, CA
Paul Kuo, Maywood, IL
Keith D. Lillemoe, Boston, MA
Michael T. Longaker, Stanford, CA
Melinda Maggard-Gibbons, Los Angeles, CA
Mark A. Malangoni, Philadelphia, PA
John C. Marshall, Toronto, Canada
Jeffrey B. Matthews, Chicago, IL
David W. McFadden, Burlington, VT
Kelly M. McMasters, Louisville, KY
Leigh Neumayer, Tucson, AZ
Ninh T. Nguyen, Orange, CA
Timothy M. Pawlik, Columbus, OH
Jeffrey L. Ponsky, Cleveland, OH
Mitchell Posner, Chicago, IL
J. David Richardson, Louisville, KY
Ori D. Rotstein, Toronto, Canada
Hilary A. Sanfey, Springfield, IL
Marshall Z. Schwartz, Philadelphia, PA
Carol Scott-Conner, Iowa City, IA
Nathaniel J. Soper, Chicago, IL
Steven C. Stain, Albany, NY
Steven M. Strasberg, St. Louis, MO
Bauer E. Sumpio, New Haven, CT
Robert Udelsman, New Haven, CT
Gilbert Upchurch, Jr., Charlottesville, VA
J. Nicholas Vauthey, Houston, TX
Brad W. Warner, St. Louis, MO
William C. Welch, Philadelphia, PA
Steven D. Wexner, Weston, FL
Sandra L. Wong, Lebanon, NH

International Correspondents

Derek Alderson, Birmingham, United Kingdom
Marcus Büchler, Heidelberg, Germany
Abe Fingerhut, Poissy, France
O. James Garden, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Arnold Hill, Dublin, Ireland
Enrique Moreno-Gonzalez, Madrid, Spain
Masaki Mori, Osaka, Japan
John Wong, Hong Kong, China
Yu-pei Zhao, Beijing, China