Surgical Resection Prolongs Overall Survival for Patients Whose Melanoma Has Spread to the Abdomen
Surgical removal of melanoma that has metastasized, or spread, to the abdomen appears to help patients live more than twice as long as those who receive only medical therapy, according to study results presented at the 2015 Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons. In more than 1,600 patients treated over 45 years, the results showed an overall survival benefit from surgical treatment despite recent advances in systemic drugs to treat metastatic melanoma.
Many Colonoscopy Patients Do Not Accurately Recall Important Exam Details as Time Lapses
As time lapses, many colonoscopy patients become less and less likely to recall when and where they last had the procedure performed; who the doctor was who performed it; whether polyps were found, and, if so, the number and size of those polyps, according to new study results presented at the 2015 Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons.
Helmeted Bicycle Riders Have Significantly Reduced Severity of Injury and Lower Death Rates After an Accident
Helmeted bicycle riders have a 58 percent reduced odds of severe traumatic brain injury after an accident compared to their non-helmeted counterparts, according to researchers from the University of Arizona, Tucson. Their findings were presented today during the 2015 Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons.
Total Thyroidectomy Complication Rates and Costs Are Lower if Surgeon Performs 25 or More Cases Yearly
A new study is one of the first to identify a minimum surgeon volume that is associated with improved patient outcomes for this common thyroid operation.
Electronic Tracking System Contributes to Significant Reduction in Blood Transfusions and Infection Rates
An electronic system that monitors how physicians give blood to patients after an operation has enabled a 22-hospital system with thousands of doctors to significantly reduce the amount of blood transfusions patients receive, cutting costs by $2.5 million over two years and contributing to lower infection rates without harming patients, according to a study presented at the 2015 Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons.
Researchers Isolate Novel Urinary Biomarkers that May Indicate Adrenal Cancer
A global analysis of metabolites and small molecules in urine samples from patients with adrenal cancer has identified four biochemicals that, when measured together, can distinguish malignant from benign adrenal tumors, according to study results presented at the 2015 Annual Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons.
ACS Honors Four Members with Surgical Humanitarian and Volunteerism Awards
Last night, four surgeons received the 2015 American College of Surgeons (ACS)/Pfizer Surgical Humanitarian Award and Surgical Volunteerism Awards in recognition of their selfless efforts as volunteer surgeons who provide care to medically underserved patients abroad.
Single Mastectomy Is a More Cost-Effective Treatment for Nonhereditary Cancer in One Breast than Removing Both Breasts
For younger women with early-stage, noninherited breast cancer on one side, a unilateral, or single, mastectomy leads to a slightly higher quality of life and lower costs over the next 20 years compared with contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM), according to new study results presented at the 2015 Annual Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons. The quality of life and cost-effectiveness analysis was conducted in women under age 50 who had the most common type of breast cancer—sporadic, meaning no family history of the disease.
Targeted Chemotherapy Shows Early Signs of Slowing Tumor Growth with Less Toxicity
Surviving neuroblastoma as a child can come with just as many challenges as the cancer itself, mainly because of the toxic effects of chemotherapy. But a team of surgeons is in the nascent stages of developing a more targeted method of treating neuroblastoma patients with chemotherapy and lower toxicity. Their research results were presented at the 2015 Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons.
Surgical Trainees Retain Information Longer and Master Skills Better When They Hone Their Skills Beyond Proficiency
Researchers from Drexel University have found that when surgical trainees train beyond competence using a simulator, they retain information longer and master surgical skills better than those who stop practicing when they achieve an initial level of proficiency. Their study findings were presented at the 2015 Annual Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons during a Posters of Exceptional Merit presentation.