American College Of Surgeons - Inspiring Quality: Highest Standards, Better Outcomes

RTTDC Evidence of Effectiveness

The articles listed on this page highlight the effectiveness of the Rural Trauma Team Development Course (RTTDC®).


Dennis BM, Vella MA, Gunter OL, et al. Rural Trauma Team Development Course decreases time to transfer for trauma patients. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2016 Oct;81(4):632-7.

Kappel DA, Rossi DC, Polack EP, Avtgis TA, Martin MM. Does the rural trauma team development course shorten the interval from trauma patient arrival to decision to transfer? J Trauma. 2011 Feb;70(2):315-9.

Malekpour M, Neuhaus N, Martin D, et al. Changes in rural trauma prehospital times following the Rural Trauma Team Development Course training. Am J Surg. 2016 Jul 28. pii: S0002-9610(16)30364-6.

Mayo Clinic. RTTDC focuses on rural facilities. Accessed October 5, 2016.

Zhu TH, Hollister L, Scheumann C, Konger J, Opoku D. Effectiveness of the Rural Trauma Team Development Course for Educating Nurses and Other Health Care Providers at Rural Community Hospitals. J Trauma Nurs. 2016 Jan-Feb;23(1):13-22.