American College Of Surgeons - Inspiring Quality: Highest Standards, Better Outcomes

V41N4: Colon, Rectum & Anus, Part I

Recommended Reading

Abcarian H. Anorectal infection: abscess-fistula. Clin Colon Rectal Surg 2011; 24(1):14-21. Free full text

This is a valuable review article that is comprehensive and clear.

Bordeianou L, Hicks CW, Kaiser AM, et al. Rectal prolapse: an overview of clinical features, diagnosis, and patient-specific management strategies. J Gastrointest Surg. 2014;18(5):1059-69.

Bordeianou and coauthors provide evidence in support of the various interventions for management of rectal prolapse.

Deierhoi RJ, Dawes LG, Vick C, et al. Choice of intravenous antibiotic prophylaxis for colorectal surgery does matter. J Am Coll Surg. 2013;217(5):763-9.

This article presents data supporting the use of prophylactic antibiotic agents for patients undergoing colon and rectal procedures. The drugs should target aerobic and anaerobic bacteria.

Di Saverio S, Sibilio A, Giorgini E, et al. The NOTA Study (Non Operative Treatment for Acute Appendicitis): prospective study on the efficacy and safety of antibiotics (amoxicillin and clavulanic acid) for treating patients with right lower quadrant abdominal pain and long-term follow-up of conservatively treated suspected appendicitis. Ann Surg. 2014;260(1):109-117.

This article presents a review of experience from Italian medical centers supporting the use of antibiotic therapy without operation for selected patients with suspected acute appendicitis.

Flum DR. Acute appendicitis--appendectomy or the "antibiotics first" strategy. N Engl J Med. 2015;372:1937-1943.

Flum reviews available evidence relevant to the choice of approaches for patients with suspected uncomplicated appendicitis. The use of an "antibiotics first" approach is acceptable for carefully selected patients.

Halabi WJ, Jafari MD, Kang CY, et al. Colonic volvulus in the United States: trends, outcomes, and predictors of mortality. Ann Surg. 2014;259(2):293-301.

This article is a useful update on data relevant to the epidemiology of colonic volvulus.

Jacobs D. Clinical practice. Hemorrhoids. N Engl J Med. 2014;371(10):944-951.

Jacobs provides a comprehensive and clear review of the topic of hemorrhoid disease.

Oberkofler CE, Rickenbacher A, Raptis DA, et al. A multicenter randomized clinical trial of primary anastomosis or Hartmann's procedure for perforated left colonic diverticulitis with purulent or fecal peritonitis. Ann Surg. 2012;256(5):819-826; discussion 826-827.

This article provides evidence supporting the usefulness of sigmoid resection, primary anastomosis and diverting ileostomy.

O'Neill CH, Borrazzo EC, Hyman NH. Parastomal hernia repair. J Gastrointest Surg. 2015;19(4):766-769.

This article is a useful review of the topic of parastomal hernia.

Segal CG, Waller DK, Tilley B, et al. An evaluation of differences in risk factors for individual types of surgical site infections after colon surgery. Surgery. 2014;156(5):1253-1260.

Segal and coauthors provide data supporting the risk factor patterns for SSI following colon and rectal procedures.

Sharma PV, Eglinton T, Hider P, et al. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the role of routine colonic evaluation after radiologically confirmed acute diverticulitis. Ann Surg. 2014;259(2):263-272.

Sharma and coauthors provide evidence in support of a selective approach to colonic endoscopic evaluation in patients with acute sigmoid diverticulitis.