American College Of Surgeons - Inspiring Quality: Highest Standards, Better Outcomes

V39N1: Renal Disease

Gotfried J, Wiesen J, Raina R, et al. Finding the cause of acute kidney injury: which index of fractional excretion is better? Cleve Clin J Med. 2012;79(2):121-126. Free full-text

This is a clearly written and useful article. It reviews the advantages and disadvantages of using fractional excretions of sodium and urea for diagnosis of prerenal azotemia

Moyer VA. Screening for chronic kidney disease: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Ann Intern Med. 2012;157(8):567-570. Free full-text

This article reviews the pertinent literature relevant to the values and potential harms of population screening for chronic renal disease.

Prowle JR, Molan MP, Hornsey E, et al. Measurement of renal blood flow by phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging during septic acute kidney injury: a pilot investigation. Crit Care Med. 2012;40(6):1768-1776.

This article reports data on the use of an innovative method for assessing renal perfusion in critically ill patients.

Rabbani AB, Nallamothu BK. Contrast-induced nephropathy risk assessment in real world practice. Am J Med. 2011;124(12):1127-1128.

Rabbani and Nallamothu review the current literature on the diagnosis of contrast-induced nephropathy. Assessment of risk factors and useful strategies for minimizing risk are discussed.

White LE, Chaudhary R, Moore LJ, et al. Surgical sepsis and organ crosstalk: the role of the kidney. J Surg Res. 2011;167(2):306-315. Free full-text

Mechanisms that may provide an explanation for the changes that occur in distant organs when organ failure progresses in an organ system are reviewed in this article.