American College Of Surgeons - Inspiring Quality: Highest Standards, Better Outcomes

V37N5: Colon, Rectum, and Anus, Part I

Adams JB, Margolin DA. Management of diverticular hemorrhage. Clin Colon Rectal Surg. 2009;22(3):181-185. Free full-text
This is a brief, concise and clearly written review covering the salient points of diagnosis and management of diverticular bleeding.

Bhatt DL, Scheiman J, Abraham NS, et al. ACCF/ACG/AHA 2008 expert consensus document on reducing the gastrointestinal risks of antiplatelet therapy and NSAID use: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation Task Force on Clinical Expert Consensus Documents. J Am Coll Cardiol. 28 2008;52(18):1502-1517.
This article reviews the literature on the etiology, incidence, and gastrointestinal bleeding risk reduction strategies for patients taking NSAID and antiplatelet drugs.

Chapman J, Davies M, Wolff B, et al. Complicated diverticulitis: is it time to rethink the rules? Ann Surg. 2005;242(4):576-581; discussion 581-583. Free full-text
This article presents data on the incidence of severe complications with the second attack and subsequent attacks of sigmoid diverticulitis. The data support the interpretation that the number of attacks should not be the sole indication for elective colectomy.

Fleming FJ, Kim MJ, Messing S, et al. Balancing the risk of postoperative surgical infections: a multivariate analysis of factors associated with laparoscopic appendectomy from the NSQIP database. Ann Surg. 2010;252(6):895-900.
This article presents data from a large national database. The data disclose that there is a reduced risk for surgical wound infection after laparoscopic appendectomy. There is, however, a small but significant increased risk of organ space (intra-abdominal abscess) after laparoscopic appendectomy.

Gladman MA, Knowles CH. Surgical treatment of patients with constipation and fecal incontinence. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2008;37(3):605-625, viii.
This is a useful review article covering the salient features of the management of patients with chronic constipation and fecal incontinence. The article presents data supporting the use of subtotal colon resection for selected patients with documented slow-transit constipation. The article emphasizes the fact that most patients with constipation will have constipation-dominant irritable bowel syndrome. This condition will not respond to surgical intervention.

Hassan I, Pemberton JH, Young-Fadok TM, et al. Ileorectal anastomosis for slow transit constipation: long-term functional and quality of life results. J Gastrointest Surg. 2006;10(10):1330-1336; discussion 1336-1337.
This article presents data supporting the use of colon resection for selected patients with chronic, disabling constipation.

Herzig DO, Lu KC. Anal fissure. Surg Clin North Am. 2010;90(1):33-44, Table of Contents.
This is a useful review article covering the diagnostic evaluation and management of patients with acute and chronic anal fissure.

Humphries AE, Duncan JE. Evaluation and management of pilonidal disease. Surg Clin North Am. 2010;90(1):113-124, Table of Contents.
This article reviews the various surgical procedures that are used for treatment of pilonidal disease.

Korndorffer JR, Jr., Fellinger E, Reed W. SAGES guideline for laparoscopic appendectomy. Surg Endosc. 2010;24(4):757-761.
This article describes the SAGES guidelines for use of laparoscopic appendectomy.

Marderstein EL, Delaney CP. Surgical management of rectal prolapse. Nat Clin Pract Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2007;4(10):552-561.
This is a clearly written review covering the clinical evaluation and operative management of patients with rectal prolapse.

Simillis C, Symeonides P, Shorthouse AJ, et al. A meta-analysis comparing conservative treatment versus acute appendectomy for complicated appendicitis (abscess or phlegmon). Surgery.  010;147(6):818-829.
This article presents a systematic review of the literature on the use of nonoperative management of complicated appendicitis.

Vissers RJ, Lennarz WB. Pitfalls in appendicitis. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2010;28(1):103-118, viii.
This article reviews the data supporting various methods of diagnosing appendicitis in the emergency department.

Youssef H, Newman C, Chandrakumaran K, et al. Operative findings, early complications, and long-term survival in 456 patients with pseudomyxoma peritonei syndrome of appendiceal origin. Dis Colon Rectum. 2011;54(3):293-299.
This article presents an extensive single-institution experience with the operative management of pseudomyxoma peritonei.