American College Of Surgeons - Inspiring Quality: Highest Standards, Better Outcomes

V37N4: Endocrine Surgery

Ariyan CE, Sosa JA. Assessment and management of patients with abnormal calcium. Crit Care Med. 2004;32(4 Suppl):S146-154.
This article supplies a clear review of calcium homeostasis and the pathophysiology of hyper- and hypocalcemia.

Bliss RD, Gauger PG, Delbridge LW. Surgeon's approach to the thyroid gland: surgical anatomy and the importance of technique. World J Surg. 2000;24(8):891-897.
This article is a detailed, valuable review of the anatomy of the thyroid gland and surrounding structures.

Callender GG, Rich TA, Perrier ND. Multiple endocrine neoplasia syndromes. Surg Clin North Am. 2008;88(4):863-895, viii.
This is an excellent review of the familial endocrine neoplasia syndromes.

Feliciano DV, Lyons JD. Thyroidectomy is optimal treatment for Graves' disease. J Am Coll Surg. 2011;212(4):714-720.
This is a single-surgeon series of thyroidectomy for Grave’s disease with excellent results and a detailed, well-illustrated description of the operative technique.

Organ CH, Jr. The history of parathyroid surgery, 1850-1996: the Excelsior Surgical Society 1998 Edward D Churchill Lecture. J Am Coll Surg. 2000;191(3):284-299.
This is a very informative and beautifully written review of the history of surgery for parathyroid disease.

Perrier ND, Kennamer DL, Bao R, et al. Posterior retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy: preferred technique for removal of benign tumors and isolated metastases. Ann Surg. 2008;248(4):666-674.
This article provides a clear review of the posterior laparoscopic approach to the adrenal gland. The article includes a concise and clear description of the learning process leading to mastery of this operation.

Pitt SC, Sippel RS, Chen H. Secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism, state of the art surgical management. Surg Clin North Am. 2009;89(5):1227-1239. Free full-text
This is a clear review of the management of secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism.

Skinner MA, Moley JA, Dilley WG, et al. Prophylactic thyroidectomy in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A. N Engl J Med. 2005;353(11):1105-1113. Free full-text
This is a valuable article describing outcomes of preemptive thyroidectomy in MEN patients.

Thompson NW, Olsen WR, Hoffman GL. The continuing development of the technique of thyroidectomy. Surgery. 1973;73(6):913-927.
This is a classic article describing the "capsular" approach to thyroidectomy. The article is very well illustrated.

Vasher M, Goodman A, Politz D, Norman J. Postoperative calcium requirements in 6,000 patients undergoing outpatient parathyroidectomy: easily avoiding symptomatic hypocalcemia. J Am Coll Surg. 2010;211(1):49-54.
This article defines a clear strategy for calcium and vitamin D supplementation following parathyroidectomy.