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Evaluation of a blended learning surgical skills course for rural surgeons
Halverson AL, DaRosa DA, Borgstrom DC, et al. Am J Surg. 2014 Jul;208(1):136-42. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.12.039. Epub 2014 Apr 5.

Key Points

This article described the development and implementation of a skills course for rural surgeons. A total of 50 surgeons participated in two offerings of the course. The curriculum covered a variety of topics including communication skills, advanced endoscopy techniques, facial plastic surgery, and management of urologic and gynecologic emergencies.

  • All participants reported that they had implemented changes in their communication skills as a result of attending the course.
  • The majority of participants reported changes in their technique for endoscopic polypectomy and central line insertion.
  • Eighty-nine percent of those who completed a post coursed follow-up survey felt that the quality of their patient care improved as a result of attending the course.

Identification of process measures to reduce postoperative readmission
Halverson AL, Sellers MM, Bilimoria KY, et al. J Gastrointest Surg. 2014 Aug;18(8):1407-15. doi: 10.1007/s11605-013-2429-5. Epub 2014 Jun 10.

Key Points

This article describes Delphi analysis of factors that may reduce hospital readmissions. Recommended process measures included:

  • Providing the patients with detailed written instructions prior to surgery and at the time of discharge
  • Communication with the patient’s referring or primary care doctor
  • Implementing standardized perioperative care protocols

National trends in patient safety for four common conditions, 2005-2011
Wang Y, Eldridge N, Metersky ML, et al. N Engl J Med. 2014 Jan 23;370(4):341-51. doi: 10.1056/NEJMsa1300991.

Key Points

  • This study includes 16,481 patients who required surgery.
  • The most frequent discharge diagnoses among the surgical patients were osteoarthritis (39 percent), fracture of the neck of the femur (10 percent), malignant neoplasm of the colon (5 percent), acute myocardial infarction (5 percent), and chronic ischemic heart disease (4 percent).
  • Between 2005–2006 and 2010–2011 the adverse event rates decreased for postoperative thromboembolic events, cardiac events, and falls.
  • Adverse event rates increased for pressure ulcers, contrast-induced nephropathy associated with catheter-based angiography, and events associated with hip and knee replacement. The occurrence of an adverse event following surgery was associated with an increased mortality, 8.3 percent vs. 1 percent (p < 0.001).
  • It is notable that the several measures to reduce surgical site infection that are included in The Joint Commission Surgical Care Improvement Project and American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program are not included in the Medicare Patient Safety Monitoring.