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AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™
The American College of Surgeons designates this enduring material for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™.
Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
In accordance with ACCME regulations, the American College of Surgeons, as the accredited provider of this journal CME, must ensure that anyone in a position to control the content of the educational activity has disclosed all relevant financial relationships with any commercial interest. The editor and author(s) of this article were required to complete disclosures and any reported conflicts have been managed to our satisfaction. However, if you perceive a bias within the article, please advise us of the circumstances on the evaluation form. The requirement for disclosure is not intended to imply any impropriety of such relationships, but simply to identify such relationships through full disclosure, and to allow readers to form their own judgments regarding the material.
Disclosure of Significant Relationships with Relevant Commercial Companies/Organizations:
Jason D. Keune, MD, has no significant relationships to disclose.
Ira J. Kodner, MD, FACS, FASCRS, has no significant relationships to disclose.
Erin S. O’Connor, MD, FACP, has no significant relationships to disclose.
Margaret Schwarze, MD, has no significant relationships to disclose.