American College Of Surgeons - Inspiring Quality: Highest Standards, Better Outcomes

SURGERY Manuscript Reviewer CME Activity Information

The American College of Surgeons requires that in order to be eligible for manuscript review CME credit, you must read and comply with the following in its entirety.

Learning Objectives

Participating in the manuscript review process assists the reviewer in his or her ability to:

  • Evaluate how a specific research question or investigational clinical application is formulated and articulated in a proposed manuscript.
  • Conduct an appropriate review of the literature related to the proposed manuscript, and when available, a review of the evidence-based clinical data related to the proposed manuscript.
  • Synthesize the review of literature with a thorough review of the proposed manuscript, thereby identifying its strengths and areas needing improvement prior to publication.

Continuing Medical Education Credit Information


This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and Policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint providership of the American College of Surgeons and the SURGERY Journal. The American College of Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™

The American College of Surgeons designates this manuscript review for a maximum of 3 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

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Disclosure of Financial Relationships

In accordance with ACCME regulations, the American College of Surgeons, as the accredited provider for this activity, must ensure that anyone who is in a position to control the content of the Journal articles has disclosed all relevant financial relationships with any commercial interest (see below for definitions).  If you indicate on the SURGERY manuscript review website that you may have a potential conflict of interest, we ask that you recuse yourself from any discussion, reviews, or final decisions which might have a potential for the stated conflict to influence the content of the Journal article.

Glossary of Terms

Commercial Interest

A commercial interest is any entity producing, marketing, re-selling, or distributing health care goods or services consumed by, or used on, patients.  The ACCME does not consider providers of clinical service directly to patients to be commercial interests.

Financial Relationships

Financial relationships are those relationships in which the individual benefits by receiving a salary, royalty, intellectual property rights, consulting fee, honoraria, ownership interest (e.g., stocks, stock options or other ownership interest, excluding diversified mutual funds), or other financial benefit.  Financial benefits are usually associated with roles such as employment, management position, independent contractor (including contracted research), consulting, speaking and teaching, membership on advisory committees or review panels, board membership, and other activities from which remuneration is received, or expected. ACCME considers relationships of the person involved in the CME activity to include financial relationships of a spouse or partner.

The ACCME has not set a minimum dollar amount for relationships to be significant. Inherent in any amount is the incentive to maintain or increase the value of the relationship.

Conflict of Interest

Circumstances create a conflict of interest when an individual has an opportunity to affect CME content about products or services of a commercial interest with which he/she has a financial relationship. The ACCME considers financial relationship to create actual conflicts of interest in CME when individuals have both a financial relationship with a commercial interest and the opportunity to affect the content of CME about the products or services of that commercial interest. The ACCME considers “content of CME about the products or services of that commercial interest” to include content about specific agents/devices, but not necessarily about the class of agents/devices, and not necessarily content about the whole disease class in which those agents/devices are used.

With respect to financial relationships with commercial interests, when a person divests themselves of a relationship, it is immediately not relevant to conflicts of interest but it must be disclosed to the learners for 12 months.