American College Of Surgeons - Inspiring Quality: Highest Standards, Better Outcomes

Global Codes and Data Collection

Watch the ACS Global Codes Data Collection Webinar

The American College of Surgeons (ACS) hosted a webinar Tuesday, May 23, to inform surgeons about a new Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) policy requiring the reporting of postoperative visits provided during the global surgical period. Starting July 1, CMS requires surgeons in Florida, Kentucky, Louisiana, Nevada, New Jersey, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, and Rhode Island to report the number of postoperative visits that they provide related to certain 10- and 90-day global services. The ACS strongly urges all surgeons who are required to report to comply with this policy. If CMS is unable to collect accurate and complete data, then reimbursements for 10- and 90-day global services could be negatively affected in the future.

In this ACS webinar, the L. M. Barney, MD, FACS walks you through an overview of global codes reporting, requirements, resources, and frequently asked questions. 

If you have questions regarding the reporting of global codes postoperative data, contact the ACS Division of Advocacy and Health Policy at For more information about this new policy, read below or visit the CMS website.

Also, ACS has developed a one-pager on the global codes data collection policy.

Provisions in the 2017 Medicare Physician Fee Schedule: What Surgeons Need to Know

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) finalized a policy, required by the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA), whereby certain physicians who provide 10- and 90-day global services would be required to report information on the number of postoperative visits they provide.

Claims-Based Data Collection

Starting July 1, 2017, physicians who are part of practices with 10 or more practitioners and who live in one of nine specified states are required to report one CPT code 99024 (Post-operative follow-up visit, normally included in the surgical package, to indicate that an evaluation and management service was performed during a post-operative period for a reason(s) related to the original procedure) for each postoperative evaluation and management visit they provide within the global period. This includes every facility visit (inpatient, outpatient, observation), the visit for discharge day management, and every office visit within the global period that is related to the procedure.

The nine states where physicians would be required to report global code postoperative visits were selected to represent those with a variety of “sizes” (measured by the number of Medicare beneficiaries per state) in all nine Census Bureau regions. These states are:

  • Florida
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Nevada
  • New Jersey
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oregon
  • Rhode Island

Physicians in the nine selected states are not required to report on all 10- and 90-day global codes; rather, CMS has published a list of 293 10- and 90-day global codes that are furnished by more than 100 practitioners and are either furnished more than 10,000 times or have allowed charges of more than $10 million annually. CMS estimates that these codes will describe approximately 87 percent of all furnished 10- and 90-day global services and about 77 percent of all Medicare expenditures for 10- and 90-day global services under the PFS. This is a mandatory reporting requirement intended to allow CMS to gather enough data on postoperative visits for the purpose of improving the accuracy of valuation of surgical services under the physician fee schedule starting in 2019.

It is important for every surgeon practicing in a group of 10 or more practitioners in one of the nine states listed above to download the list of 293 codes and become familiar with the reporting requirements that will be mandatory for Medicare patients beginning July 1, 2017.

Additional Data Collection via Survey

In addition to the claims-based data collection, CMS also finalized a policy to conduct a survey of practitioners to gain information on post-operative activities to supplement the claims-based data collection described above. CMS has not finalized the design of the survey instrument, but intends to begin surveying in mid-2017. This survey could impact physicians in all states, not just the nine states selected for claims-based data reporting. CMS has also indicated that the agency plans to collect global code data from accountable care organizations (ACOs), but has not described how it plans to collect those data or when the ACO data collection will start.

ACS Advocacy

The final rule on global codes data collection is a result of aggressive American College of Surgeons (ACS) legislative and regulatory advocacy efforts. CMS released a drastically improved policy on collection of data, compared to the proposed rule policy, which would have been impracticable for surgeons, in part because it would have created an unreasonable reporting burden that was not aligned with clinical workflow.

ACS legislative and regulatory advocacy efforts included letters to the Hill, meetings with members of Congress, letters to CMS, calls and in-person meetings with CMS staff, town hall meetings with CMS, strategic meetings of the ACS Health Policy and Advocacy Group and the General Surgery Coding and Reimbursement Committee, and the formation of an ACS-led Globals Coalition.

Changes to the CY 2017 MPFS Proposed Rule




Start date

January 1, 2017

July 1, 2017

How data are reported

G-codes reported in 10-minute increments

Use 99024 to report number of post-op visits

What data are reported

Pre-service and post-op care on all 10- and 90-day global codes

Just post-op visits on only high volume or high expenditure 10- and 90-day global codes

Who reports the data

All physicians, regardless of practice size, who provide 10- and 90-day services in all states

Physicians who provide 10- and 90-day services who are:

  • In a practice of 10+ practitioners AND
  • In one of the identified nine states, comprising a representative sample, which was required by MACRA

Additional Resources


H.R. 2, the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) includes a provision to prohibit CMS from implementing the CMS policy that would have transitioned 10- and 90-day global codes to 0-day global codes. Instead, beginning no later than 2017, CMS will collect data on the number and level of visits furnished during the global period and, beginning in 2019, use this data to improve the accuracy of the valuation of surgical services.

The provision also allows 5 percent of the surgical payment to be withheld until information is reported at the end of the global period, and grants authority to discontinue the reporting requirement if sufficient information can be derived from QCDRs, surgical logs, EHRs or other sources.

H.R. 2 Global Surgical Packages Text

Medicare Physician Fee Schedule

CY 2017 MPFS Final Rule

ACS Comment Letter

CY 2018 MPFS ACS Comment Letter (see pages 13–17)

Bulletin Articles about Global Codes

Reporting Global Codes data in 2017

Preparing for MACRA implementation

CMS Global Surgery Data Collection Resources

An audio recording and transcript are available for the April 25 CMS call on the Global Surgery: Required Data Reporting for Post-Operative Care.

Webpage on Global Surgery Data Collection

Global Surgery Data Collection Presentation

For further information, contact